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In this article I give you a French course, you can share it with your amis (friends), or studying it with your amis in a terrasse of a café, or at home with a café. I give few elements, different topics, of the French language that you can use on your daily conversations, conversations that you can have throught internet with a native speaker for example. You will find French words and sentences with the translations. I offer you something different compare to the previous articles with resources with different topics. Enjoy it. Have a look as well at the previous articles for French idioms ans translations.
The verbs from the 1rst group
Let us see the present tense.
-The present tense is the most used time.
-In general, it indicates that the action or event is contemporaneous with the moment one speaks.
Ex : Gabrielle danse maintenant dans le salon →Gabrielle is now dancing in the living room.
-A verb in the present can also cover a wide time interval.
Ex : Gabrielle a les cheveux châtains → Gabrielle has brown hair
-The present of general truth covers all the past and all the future imaginable.
Ex : Quand le chat n’est pas là, les souris dansent → When the cat is away the mice are playing
-The present tense can evoke the recent past or the near future.
Ex : Elle arrive à l’instant de Brest → She arrives from Brest just right now.
Elle repart demain pour Marseille → She leaves tomorrow for Marseille.
Let us see how to conjugate the verbs from the 1rst group
The end of each person is :
Je → -e
Tu → -es
Il/elle → -e
Nous → -ons
Vous → -ez
Ils/elles → -ent
Here is what it is with the verb Aimer (to like, to love)
The verb Aller (to go) is an exception :
The verbs of the 2nd group
Finir (to finish)
Two verbs of the 3rd group, the verb devoir (to have to/must) and the verb voir (to see)
Now, we are going to see how to say l’heure (the hour) in French.
Let us take the example of 12 pm to say the heure in French.
12h = midi
12h05 = midi cinq
12H10 = midi dix
12h15 = midi quinze / midi et quart
12h30 = midi trente/ midi et demi
12H35 = midi trente-cinq
12h40 = midi quarante
12h45 = midi quarante-cinq
12h50 = midi cinquante
12h55 = midi cinquante-cinq
The difference between proper names and common nouns
-Common nouns refer to people or things. They are always written in lower case. They have a meaning, a definition, and it is used based on that meaning. Let us see examples : une table (a table), un mur (a wall), un vélo (a bike), une voiture (a car),...
-They designate people, places, eras or unique things, they always start with a capital letter. The proper name has no real meaning, no definition, it relates to what it designates. Let us see examples : Emile Zola (a famous French writter), le Louvre, les Alpes, Toronto,...
Let us see the possessive ones.
le mien is singular-masculine
la mienne is singular-feminine
les miens is plural-masculine
les miennes is plural-feminine
It replaces the main element of the sentence. Let us see examples :
Ce vélo, c’est le mien → This bike is mine
Cette bague, c’est la mienne → This ring is mine
Ces manteaux sont les miens → These coats are mine
Ces chaussures sont les miennes → These shoes are mine
le tien is singular-masculine
la tienne is singular-feminine
les tiens is plural-masculine
les tiennes is plural-feminine. Let us see examples :
Ce vélo, c’est le tien → This bike is yours
Cette bague, c’est la tienne → This ring is yours
Ces manteaux sont les tiens → These coats are yours
Ces chaussures sont les tiennes → These shoes are yours
le sien is singular-masculine
la sienne is singular-feminine
les siens is plural-masculine
les siennes is plural-feminine. Let us see examples :
Ce vélo, c’est le sien → This bike is his
Cette bague, c’est la sienne → This ring is hers
Ces manteaux sont les siens → These coats are his
Ces chaussures sont les siennes → These shoes are hers
le nôtre is singular-masculine and it refers to several people
la nôtre is singular-feminine and it refers to several people
les nôtres is plural-masculine and feminine and it refers to several people. Let us see examples :
Ce vélo, c’est le nôtre → This bike is ours
Cette chienne, c’est la nôtre → This dog is ours
Ces manteaux sont les nôtres → These coats are ours
Ces chaussures sont les nôtres→ These shoes are ours
le vôtre is singular-masculine and it refers to several people
la vôtre is singular-feminine and it refers to several people
les vôtres is plural-masculine and feminine and it refers to several people. Let us see examples :
Ce vélo, c’est le vôtre → This bike is yours
Cette chienne, c’est la vôtre → This dog is yours
Ces manteaux sont les vôtres → These coats are yours
Ces chaussures sont les vôtres→ These shoes are yours
le leur is singular-masculine and it refers to several people
la leur is singular-feminine and it refers to several people
les leurs is plural-masculine and feminine and it refers to several people. Let us see examples :
Ce vélo, c’est le leur → This bike is theirs
Cette chienne, c’est la leur → This dog is theirs
Ces manteaux sont les leurs → These coats are theirs
Ces chaussures sont les leurs→ These shoes are theirs
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