Grammar course

Grammar course – 1

A grammar course, some rules for you!

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Indefinite articles

Un → masculine singular
Je mets un pot de fleurs sur le balcon.
I put a flower pot on the balcony.

Une → feminine singular
Tu prend une assiette.
You take a plate.

Des → plural
Elle achète des fleurs.
She buys flowers.

Definite articles

Le → masculine singular
Le vélo est cassé.
The bike is broken.

La → feminine singular
Je vais faire un tour dans la rue principale.
I'm going for a stroll on the main street.

Les → plural
Les castors vivent dans la rivière.
Beavers live in the river.

Partitive articles

Du → masculine singular
Il y a du poulet à manger.
There’s chicken to eat.

De la →  feminine singular
Je mange de la purée de pomme de terre.
I eat mashed potatoes.

De l’ → masculine singular before a word that starts with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u, y) or a silent h
De l’eau du robinet.
Tap water.

Des → plural
Elle coupe des carottes pour faire une salade.
She is cutting carrots to make a salad.

C’est / Ce sontIl est

  • We use c’est and ce sont for persons, things, nationalities, jobs and opinions

C’est une femme.
This is a woman.

C’est Julie.
It’s Julie.

C’est un parapluie.
This is an umbrella.

Ce sont des américains.
They're Americans.

Ce sont des cuisiniers.
They're cooks.

C’est beau.
It’s beautiful.

C’est bien.
It’s good.

  • We use il est for descriptions, time, nationalities and job

Il est beau
He is beautiful.

Il est cinq heures.
It’s 5 o’clock.

Il est canadien.
He is canadian.

Il est charpentier.
He is a carpenter.

Demonstrative determinants

Ce → masculine singular
Ce concert.
This gig.

Cette → feminine singular
Cette région.
This region.

Cet → masculine singular before a word that starts with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u, y) or a silent h
Cet hôpital.
This hospital.

Ces → plural
Ces chaussures.
These shoes.

Write in the comment section if you have any questions?
Thomas, your French teacher 😀

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How to avoid making mistakes with the preposition à?

It's easy to speak French, really? Yes!

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